An introduction to the history of humanism and italian renaissance

Renaissance art is more lifelike than in the art of the Middle Ages. Renaissance artists studied perspective, or the differences in the way things look when they are close to something or far away. The artists painted in a way that showed these differences.

An introduction to the history of humanism and italian renaissance

Visit Website Did you know? When Galileo died inhe was still under house arrest. The Catholic Church did not pardon him until Cornerstone of the Renaissance Thanks to the patronage of these wealthy elites, Renaissance-era writers and thinkers were able to spend their days doing just that.

Instead of devoting themselves to ordinary jobs or to the asceticism of the monastery, they could enjoy worldly pleasures.

An introduction to the history of humanism and italian renaissance

They traveled around Italy, studying ancient ruins and rediscovering Greek and Roman texts. To Renaissance scholars and philosophers, these classical sources held great wisdom.

It also encouraged people to use experimentation and observation to solve earthly problems. As a result, many Renaissance intellectuals focused on trying to define and understand the laws of nature and the physical world. He also created pioneering studies of human anatomy.

Likewise, the scientist and mathematician Galileo Galilei investigated one natural law after another. By dropping different-sized cannonballs from the top of a building, for instance, he proved that all objects fall at the same rate of acceleration.

He also built a powerful telescope and used it to show that the Earth and other planets revolved around the sun and not, as religious authorities argued, the other way around.

For this, Galileo was arrested for heresy and threatened with torture and death, but he refused to recant: However, perhaps the most important technological development of the Renaissance happened not in Italy but in Germany, where Johannes Gutenberg invented the mechanical movable-type printing press in the middle of the 15th century.

For the first time, it was possible to make books—and, by extension, knowledge—widely available. Renaissance artists and architects applied many humanist principles to their work.

For example, the architect Filippo Brunelleschi applied the elements of classical Roman architecture—shapes, columns and especially proportion—to his own buildings.

The magnificent eight-sided dome he built at the Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence was an engineering triumph—it was feet across, weighed 37, tons and had no buttresses to hold it up—as well as an aesthetic one.

Brunelleschi also devised a way to draw and paint using linear perspective.

Origin and meaning of the term humanism

That is, he figured out how to paint from the perspective of the person looking at the painting, so that space would appear to recede into the frame.

After the architect Leon Battista Alberti explained the principles behind linear perspective in his treatise Della Pittura On Paintingit became one of the most noteworthy elements of almost all Renaissance painting.

Later, many painters began to use a technique called chiaroscuro to create an illusion of three-dimensional space on a flat canvas.

The End of the Italian Renaissance By the end of the 15th century, Italy was being torn apart by one war after another. At the same time, the Catholic Church, which was itself wracked with scandal and corruption, had begun a violent crackdown on dissenters.

Inthe Council of Trent officially established the Roman Inquisition. In this climate, humanism was akin to heresy. The Italian Renaissance was over.Overview. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern leslutinsduphoenix.coming in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry.

History of Europe - Italian humanism: The notion that ancient wisdom and eloquence lay slumbering in the Dark Ages until awakened in the Renaissance was the creation of the Renaissance itself.

The idea of the revival of Classical antiquity is one of those great myths, comparable to the idea of the universal civilizing mission of imperial Rome or to . Introduction.

Humanism - Later Italian humanism |

The period of European history referred to as the Renaissance was a time of great social and cultural change in Europe. Generally speaking, the Renaissance spanned from the 14th to the 16th centuries, spreading . Find out more about the history of Italian Renaissance, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.

Introduction. humanism . Renaissance Humanism—named to differentiate it from the Humanism that came later—was an intellectual movement that originated in the 13th century and came to dominate European thought during the Renaissance, which it played a considerable role in creating. At the core of Renaissance Humanism was.

Madonna Enthroned (c. ), by the Italian artist Giotto di Bondone is often described as the first painting of the Renaissance due to its naturalism.

Hellenistic Monarchs & Sketches in the History of Western Philosophy