What is E-Democracy 1. Political dialogue in which citizens, and the community in general, engage in the political process. Egyptian Local Government Website Portals: This is the most difficult to generate and sustain feature of e-government.
Contact What is eDemocracy? Establishing a clear and comprehensive definition of eDemocracy is a difficult task. While this may, at first glance, appear to be an obvious statement to make, it in fact underpins the complexity of the concept. Though eDemocracy, amongst the relevant literature, is predominantly linked with and informed by deliberative conceptions of democracyit can also be linked with more liberal-individualist or pluralist approaches.
In contrast, eDemocracy builds upon eGovernment initiatives such as online service delivery and open access to information, incorporating civic engagement and civic education.
It is concerned with distributing control and decision-making power through fostering horizontal and multi-directional connections between citizens, the third sector, and government.
It is perhaps easiest to outline the concept of eDemocracy with the assistance of a diagram. Please excuse my poor graphic design skills and reliance upon Power Point Smart Art! E democracy a larger version, please click here. Short-term measures are those that are predominantly focused with significant, but somewhat conservative changes.
In effect, they E democracy making slight alterations at the fringe, rather than introducing the more pervasive and fundamental changes that constitute the long-term or strategic aspects of eDemocracy. E democracy the contrary, civic engagement and civic education requires not only consistent and extensive political commitment, it also necessitates a political culture that pursues policy with benefits that may not manifest within the space of one electoral cycle, and those benefits themselves may not be easily quantified.
That is, in the area of open governance and the associated free and accessible distribution of government data and public service information PSI.
Unsurprisingly, given these announcements from the respective heads of government, the United Kingdom and United States have been at the forefront of eGovernment initiatives, the most prominent of which have been the data sites of data.
Demonstrating the influence that progressive policy can wield, the UK and US have also witnessed a flourishing of info-philanthropy and third sector PSI initiatives. Civic Engagement Civic engagement is aimed at fostering an empowered citizenry through providing the means necessary for citizens to participate in decision-making.
It attempts to reverse the trend toward centralised state power, instead promoting community-driven policy and the ideals of active citizenship and civic duty. Given this, fundamental to the notion of individual and community empowerment is a capacity for citizen participation to wield significant influence over the agenda-setting, policy-formulating and service-delivering processes.
As Johnson  p. Within the scope of eDemocracy, civic engagement can be segmented in to two categories — consultation and citizen-driven initiatives.
Consultation incorporates citizen participation into a pre-determined agenda, where individuals or communities are able to provide feedback on areas largely defined by apparatuses of the state.
For example, tools such as online surveys, discussion boards, social media, the solicitation of written feedback or submissions, and so on. In contrast, citizen-driven initiatives allow for the recognition and consideration of issues that popularly conceived and promoted.
This can occur through online petition, citizen referenda, crowdsourced policy, discussion boards, and a variety of Web 2.
Civic Education If a government is committed to empowering its citizens and communities, said government should necessarily possess equal dedication to informing popular opinion and facilitating civic education. Yet in many cases where engagement through online consultation or similar measures has been introduced, there has been a disturbing lack of dedication from governments towards improving the understanding of those people they supposedly wish to engage.
Such indifference threatens to undermine any movement towards greater citizen participation in the decision-making process; after all, a citizen cannot meaningfully influence the way in which he or she is governed unless that citizen possesses the capacity to exploit any opportunities for involvement.
Without the provision of a fair and equitable platform from which all relevant interests can be addressed, rather than dominated or disregarded, civic engagement — online or otherwise — merely serves to perpetuate the status quo of a political process predominantly shaped by well-financed and organised interest groups.
Additionally, it exacerbates the divide in civic and political activity along the lines of education, income and age.
It is this aspect of eDemocracy that most heavily draws upon the deliberative democracy discourseand as such is also the aspect most critical of the current state of democracy and distribution of political and communicative power. Yet, eDemocracy does not necessarily exist outside of the representative democracy framework, nor is a liberal conception of citizenship thoroughly abandoned.
Furthermore, the notion of civic education does not suggest that the government take responsibility for supplying information to citizens; rather, the government must play the role of enabler or facilitator, providing individuals with easier access to the ideas of experts, representatives, and other citizens, in a diverse and accessible manner.
Managerial Model As the two graphics above demonstrate, eDemocracy consists of three overlapping models that can be distinguished by levels of interaction between the state, citizens, and the third sector. While any of the three models could potentially be pursued in isolation, it is only when the online service delivery of eGovernment is combined with the Deliberative-Participatory model that the full range of eDemocracy has been realised.
E-democracy uses information technology to make elected officials more accountable to the public. In the minds of elected officials, encouraging e-government is a . E-Democracy is driven by volunteers and supporters. Whether leading a local online community forum, a global online community of practice, or helping with our civic technology, you can make a difference. A shift toward Rational E-Democracy would address many of our electoral problems, reduce the burden on our elected Representatives, and give citizens a more direct voice in their government. We now see the dangers in allowing anyone with an interest (but no qualifications) to run for office in a campaign system wide open to the influence of.
The managerial model is, in essence, eGovernment as described above. To expand on eGovernment, however, the managerial model involves the possession of a specific approach to, and view of, technology — in particular, information communication technologies ICTs.
Yet, at the core of the managerial model is preservation of the status quo in terms of the role of government. Overall, the benefits of eGovernment should not be overlooked. Consultative Model The consultative model draws together the transparency and open data measures of eGovernment with online consultation.
Online consultation, as outlined in the Civic Engagement section, can incorporate a range of initiatives that leverage ICTs and innovative software to enhance interaction between the state and citizens.
Yet, except in its more critical manifestations, the consultative model still entails a view of information as a passive resource ; that is, consultation largely occurs only within the parameters defined by a government or public agency, with any discursive questioning of the legitimacy of those very parameters being ruled out ab initio.
The consultative model, particularly in more critical forms, will also begin to highlight the issues of the digital divide and the remaining susceptibility of consultation to disingenuous tactics by special interest groups.E-Democracy launched the world's first election-oriented web site in We've expanded our volunteer-based, non-profit, non-partisan efforts to promote awareness of reliable, high-quality election information resources in the U.S.
election. E-democracy uses information technology to make elected officials more accountable to the public. In the minds of elected officials, encouraging e-government is a . E-democracy, in full electronic democracy, the use of information and communication technologies to enhance and in some accounts replace representative democracy.
Maine Voter Information Lookup Service. Welcome to the State of Maine Voter Information Lookup Service. Find election related information based on your home address.
This information includes the location of your voting place, the candidates that will appear on your ballot, and your elected officials and how to contact them. The e-Democracy domain promotes the balanced development of e-government, wherein e-democracy receives due attention along with e-administration and e-services.
We provide policy advice, training and consultancy to public authorities and civil society organizations who want to enhance the transparency, accountability and civic . Some e-democracy efforts look like little more than gimmicks. Giving out politicians' personal e-mail addresses does not make them any more likely to read the result.
|Theoretical origins||The 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh ji Nanak X established the world's first Sikh democratic republic state ending the aristocracy on day of 1st Vasakh and Gurbani as sole constitution of this Sikh republic on the Indian subcontinent. The Kouroukan Fouga divided the Mali Empire into ruling clans lineages that were represented at a great assembly called the Gbara.|