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An overview on the disorders is provided, looking into their characteristics, causality, and relationship to crime to provide a complete understanding of the diagnoses.
The difference between young girls and boys and their criminal behavior is also recorded. These disorders are often co-morbid, which means they affect the occurrence of one or the other, and in the instances where a child has more than one disorder, the higher his inclination for adult criminality will be.
Males are more influenced by these disorders than females.
Females usually learn to channel their behavioral problems or develop psychological problems or disorders. In some cases, this means that these women will become criminals.
However, this does not mean that every child who is diagnosed with one or more of the disorders mentioned will be a criminal, but the rate of occurrence is significantly high.
Around half or more of these children will commit serious criminal activities and develop arrest records. Conduct Disorder Children with conduct disorder often are also diagnosed with another disorder because the traits of aggression or behavior for each may overlap.
Characteristics of children of this type Juvenile crime research papers but are not limited to bullying, assaults, physical fights, cruelty to animals, arson, shoplifting, and disobedience. Individuals diagnosed with conduct disorder exhibit neuropsychological deficits.
These deficits affect verbal comprehension skills and IQ levels Moffitt, b. These verbal skill deficits include impaired social judgment, weak language processing, and poor auditory memory Moffitt, The deficit in verbal understanding may well be cause for what seems to be impulsivity because the children are more likely to act on their own will when they do not understand what is going on.
Delinquent children are shown to consistently score lower on IQ tests than children who are not delinquent. Attention Deficit Disorders With or Without Hyperactivity Minimal brain dysfunctions, or abnormal cerebral structures, affect people so that they may experience periods of explosive rage that can lead to violent episodes, and thus violent crimes.
These dysfunctions of the brain are typically diagnosed as attention deficit disorders with or without hyperactivity ADHDwhich is another suspected cause of antisocial behavior.
In a meta-analysis report by Pratt, Cullen, Blevins, Daigle and Unnever it was written that levels of ADHD among offenders in the criminal justice system is very common. Furthermore, ADHD is associated with a variety of conditions that are risk factors for offending, including neuropsychological deficits, poor academic and cognitive skills, truancy, psychological problems, and defiance and aggression.
Characteristic Traits of ADHD The three main signs of ADHD, is when a child has problems paying attention, is very active, which is called hyperactivity, or acts before thinking, which is impulsivity.
These children have difficulties sitting still, controlling behavior, and paying attention. The first one is the predominantly inattentive type. These children exhibit difficulties with focusing on or following through with school work, organization, paying attention and keeping track of their things American Psychological Association, The second classification is the hyperactive-inattentive type.
Traits for a child with this diagnosis include the tendency to fidget and squirm, have trouble playing quietly, talk too much, staying still, and waiting for their turn to speak in a group APA, The third type is combined, where they exhibit traits from both categories.
All children may be inattentive, overly active, or impulsive but these children persistently act this way.
This is known to be true because the disorder has been passed down only between parent and child, but not to an adopted child Pratt et al. In their infancy, their environment consists almost entirely of their parents. Some parents may lack the psychological or physical skill to cope and deal with a difficult child, so they respond negatively and impulsively Pratt et al.
Even if the behavior is inappropriate, the child will learn to think it is. In addition to ADHD being a trait that could either be developed in childhood or inherited from one parent or another, antisocial personality is seen shared among children and their parents.
About two-thirds of delinquent boys have fathers with a criminal record.
Not only is there a biological influence, but also an environmental one, because young boys look up to their fathers and want to become like them.
To further back this idea, Ghodsian-Carpey and Baker performed studies on twins four and seven years old. They used mother ratings and observation checklists looking for characteristics such as rejection, teasing, insulting, verbal threats or yelling, and disobedience.
They collected moderate to high scores to show a heritable influence on aggression in twins.Writing a research paper is an important skill you need to learn.
In order to do a paper properly you need to keep a few things in mind which will be outlined below. This sample Juvenile Delinquency Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
Like other free research paper examples, it is not a custom research leslutinsduphoenix.com you need help writing your assignment, please use our custom writing services and buy a paper on any of the criminal justice research paper topics.
This sample research paper on juvenile delinquency features. term papers - research and term paper help by geeks trained to assist college students. Juvenile delinquency term papers available at leslutinsduphoenix.com, the largest free term paper community. Types. Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: delinquency, crimes committed by minors, which are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system;; criminal behavior, crimes dealt with by the criminal justice system; status offenses, offenses that are only classified as such because one is a minor, such as truancy, also dealt with by the juvenile .
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