Etymology[ edit ] The 17 August edition of Le Libertaire: Journal du Mouvement Social, a libertarian communist publication in New York The first recorded use of the term "libertarian" was inwhen William Belsham wrote about libertarianism in the context of metaphysics. Libertarianism has frequently been used as a synonym for anarchism since this time. He justified the choice of the word as follows:
Etymology[ edit ] The 17 August edition of Le Libertaire: Journal du Mouvement Social, a libertarian communist publication in New York The first recorded use of the term "libertarian" was inwhen William Belsham wrote about libertarianism in the context of metaphysics.
Libertarianism has frequently been used as a synonym for anarchism since this time. He justified the choice of the word as follows: But the leftists have now corrupted that once-proud term to identify themselves and their program of more government ownership of property and more controls over persons.
As a result, those of us who believe in freedom must explain that when we call ourselves liberals, we mean liberals in Libertarian theory uncorrupted classical sense.
At best, this is awkward and subject to misunderstanding. Here is a suggestion: The person most responsible for popularizing the term "libertarian" was Murray Rothbard who started publishing libertarian works in the s.
But now we had taken it over Contemporary left-libertarians such as Hillel SteinerPeter VallentynePhilippe Van Parijs Libertarian theory, Michael Otsuka and David Ellerman believe the appropriation of land must leave " enough and as good " for others or be taxed by society to compensate for the exclusionary effects of private property.
Libertarian socialists social and individualist anarchistslibertarian Marxistscouncil communistsLuxemburgists and DeLeonists promote usufruct and socialist economic theories, including communismcollectivismsyndicalism and mutualism.
They criticize the state for being the defender of private property and believe capitalism entails wage slavery. Right-libertarianism  developed in the United States in the midth century and is the most popular conception of libertarianism in that region.
Anarcha-feminism developed as a synthesis of radical feminism and anarchism and views patriarchy as a fundamental manifestation of compulsory government.
It was inspired by the lateth-century writings of early feminist anarchists such as Lucy ParsonsEmma GoldmanVoltairine de Cleyre and Virginia Bolten.
Anarcha-feminists, like other radical feminists, criticize and advocate the abolition of traditional conceptions of family, education and gender roles.
A number of contributors to Liberty were prominent figures in both free thought and anarchism. Later in the 20th century, Austrian Freudo-Marxist Wilhelm Reich became a consistent propagandist for sexual freedom going as far as opening free sex-counseling clinics in Vienna for working-class patients  as well as coining the phrase " sexual revolution " in one of his books from the s.
State[ edit ] Most left-libertarians are anarchists and believe the state inherently violates personal autonomy: These latter libertarians advocate instead for freed markets, which are freed from these privileges. Libertarians take a skeptical view of government authority. They believe the only legitimate governmental institutions are the military, police and courtsthough some expand this list to include fire departmentsprisons and the executive and legislative branches.
They believe that natural resources are originally unowned and therefore private parties may appropriate them at will without the consent of, or owing to, others.
The anarchist is primarily a socialist whose aim is to abolish the exploitation of man by man. Anarchism is only one of the streams of socialist thought, that stream whose main components are concern for liberty and haste to abolish the State".Terms defined Agorism The ideology which asserts that the Libertarian philosophical position occurs in the real world in practice as Counter-Economics.
Reason is a libertarian monthly print magazine covering politics, culture, and ideas through a provocative mix of news, analysis, commentary, and reviews.
Libertarian theory or the Free Press Theory is one of the Normative Theories of mass communication where media or press is given absolute freedom to publish anything at any time and acts as a watchdog. Kevin Carson does an outstanding job in this book of integrating insights from a wide range of disciplines--economics, history, organizational studies, moral and political theory--into an impressive synthesis that exhibits unmistakable continuity with both the libertarian and socialist traditions.
Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
Emphasis in original. Snowden ends by noting that "when [the law] becomes contrary to our morals, we have both the right and the responsibility to rebalance it toward just ends.".