A person with narcolepsy is likely to become drowsy or fall asleep, often at inappropriate times and places, or just be very tired throughout the day. Narcoleptics are not able to experience the amount of restorative deep sleep that healthy people experience — they are not "over-sleeping". In fact, narcoleptics live their entire lives in a constant state of extreme sleep deprivation. Daytime naps may occur with little warning and may be physically irresistible.
Other somatic treatment None of these general approaches is sufficient for all patients with sleep disorders.
Rather, the choice of a specific treatment depends on the patient's diagnosis, medical and psychiatric history, and preferences, as well as the expertise of the treating clinician. Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions.
Medications and somatic treatments may provide the most rapid symptomatic relief from some sleep disturbances.
Certain disorders like narcolepsy, are best treated with prescription drugs such as modafinil. Sleep-phase disruption is also common among adolescents, whose school schedules are often incompatible with their natural circadian rhythm. Effective treatment begins with careful diagnosis using sleep diaries and perhaps sleep studies.
Modifications in sleep hygiene may resolve the problem, but medical treatment is often warranted. In these cases, when severe, an acceptance of living with the disorder, however well managed, is often necessary. Some sleep disorders have been found to compromise glucose metabolism.
An allergic reaction over produces histamine causing wakefulness and inhibiting sleep  Sleep problems are common in people with allergic rhinitis. A study from the N. Further research would be needed to study the effects of acupuncture on sleep disorders in children.
Hypnosis[ edit ] Research suggests that hypnosis may be helpful in alleviating some types and manifestations of sleep disorders in some patients. There are several reports of successful use of hypnotherapy for parasomnias   specifically for head and body rocking, bedwetting and sleepwalking.
In one particular study, participants 18 years or older who had experienced acute or chronic sleep disorders were put in a randomly controlled trial and their sleep efficiency overall time asleep was observed.
In order to assess sleep quality, researchers used subjective measures i. The results of the study suggest that music therapy did improve sleep quality in subjects with acute or chronic sleep disorders, however only when tested subjectively.
Although these results are not fully conclusive and more research should be conducted, it still provides evidence that music therapy can be an effective treatment for sleep disorders. The participants that listened to music experienced better sleep quality than those who did not listen to music.
Research suggests that melatonin is useful in helping people to fall asleep faster decreased sleep latencyto stay asleep longer, and to experience improved sleep quality.
In order to test this, a study was conducted that compared subjects that had taken Melatonin to subjects that had taken a placebo pill in subjects with primary sleep disorders.
Researchers assessed sleep onset latency, total minutes slept, and overall sleep quality in the Melatonin and placebo groups to note the differences. In the end, researchers found that melatonin decreased sleep onset latency, increased total sleep time, and improved quality of sleep significantly more than the placebo group.
Sleep medicine Due to rapidly increasing knowledge about sleep in the 20th century, including the discovery of REM sleep in the s and circadian rhythm disorders in the 70s and 80s, the medical importance of sleep was recognized.
The medical community began paying more attention than previously to primary sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, as well as the role and quality of sleep in other conditions.
By the s in the USA, clinics and laboratories devoted to the study of sleep and sleep disorders had been founded, and a need for standards arose. Specialists in Sleep Medicine were originally certified by the American Board of Sleep Medicinewhich still recognizes specialists.
Certification in Sleep Medicine shows that the specialist: This specialist is skilled in the analysis and interpretation of comprehensive polysomnography, and well-versed in emerging research and management of a sleep laboratory. Management in the varying situations differs greatly and cannot be undertaken without a correct diagnosis.
Epidemiology[ edit ] Children and Young Adults[ edit ] According to one meta-analysis, the two most prevalent sleep disorders among children are confusional arousals and sleep walking.
All but one of the included studies reports decreasing bruxist prevalence as age increased as well as a higher prevalence among boys than girls. This disorder reaches peak prevalence when people are in their 20s. Men and women residing in China experience insomnia at similar rates.
It also notes a higher prevalence of insomnia in women over the age of 50 than their male counterparts. The algorithm that incorporated a combination of structured and unstructured variables identified more than 36, individuals with physician-documented insomnia.
However, this difference tends to diminish with age. Women experience the highest risk for OSA during pregnancy.
The two groups experience daytime OSA symptoms such as difficulties concentrating, mood swings, or high blood pressure,  at similar rates prevalence of 3. Its prevalence among men is When considering specific populations, Of those psychiatric patients, Sleep paralysis in students is slightly more prevalent for those of Asian descent Specifically in the United States, the prevalence of restless leg syndrome is estimated to be between 5 and Jul 06, · Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects the brain’s ability to control sleep-wake cycles.
People with narcolepsy usually feel rested after waking, but then feel very sleepy throughout much of the day. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that disrupts the normal sleep-wake cycle. It is a chronic neurological condition in which a person experiences uncontrollable sleepiness, falling asleep, or napping throughout most days.
“Narcolepsy,” roughly translated from ancient Greek, means “an attack of sleep”, a reference to its key symptom of excessive daytime sleepiness. The passing resemblance of the word “narcolepsy” to “necrophilia” and “nymphomania” can .
Excessive daytime sleepiness can also be caused by other sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, major depressive disorder, anemia, heart failure, drinking alcohol and not getting enough sleep. Cataplexy may be mistaken for seizures.
While there is no cure, a number of lifestyle changes and medications may help. Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness.
People with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness and intermittent, uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the daytime.
These sudden sleep attacks may occur during any type of activity at any time of the day. Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by the brain's inability to control sleep/wakefulness cycles. People with narcolepsy suffer from chronic daytime sleepiness and episodes in which they fall asleep unexpectedly during the day.