Different tribes of Native Americans lived in the area that is now California for an estimated 13, to 15, years. Over tribes and bands inhabited the area.
The word evokes images of football, family reunions, roasted turkey with stuffing, pumpkin pie and, of course, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag, the acknowledged founders of the feast. But was it always so? Read on to find out This article explores the development of our modern holiday.
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From ancient times, Native People of North America have held ceremonies to give thanks for successful harvests, for the hope of a good growing season in the early spring, and for other good fortune such as the birth of a child.
Giving thanks was, and still is, the primary reason for ceremonies or celebrations. Inwhen their labors were rewarded with a bountiful harvest after a year of sickness and scarcity, the Pilgrims gave thanks to God and celebrated His bounty in the Harvest Home tradition with feasting and sport recreation.
To these people of strong Christian faith, this was not merely a revel; it was also a joyous outpouring of gratitude. The arrival of the Pilgrims and Puritans brought new Thanksgiving traditions to the American scene.
Florida, Texas, Maine and Virginia each declare itself the site of the First Thanksgiving and historical documents support the various claims. However, few people knew about these events until the 20th century. They were isolated celebrations, forgotten long before the establishment of the American holiday, and they played no role in the evolution of Thanksgiving.
But as James W. Baker states in his book, Thanksgiving: Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling that so we might after a special manner rejoice together….
This published description of the First Thanksgiving was lost during the Colonial period. It was rediscovered in Philadelphia around Reverend Young saw a similarity between his contemporary American Thanksgiving and the Harvest Feast.
On this occasion they no doubt feasted on the wild turkey as well as venison.
Auspicious events, such as the sudden ending of war, drought or pestilence, might inspire a thanksgiving proclamation. It was like having an extra Sabbath during the week.
Fasts and thanksgivings never fell on a Sunday. In the early s, they were not annual events. Simultaneously instituted in Plymouth, Connecticut and Massachusetts, Thanksgiving became a regular event by the middle of the 17th century and it was proclaimed each autumn by the individual Colonies.
By the s, the emotional significance of the New England family united around a dinner table overshadowed the civil and religious importance of Thanksgiving. By the s, almost every state and territory celebrated Thanksgiving.
Inshe began a campaign to reinstate the holiday after the model of the first Presidents. She publicly petitioned several Presidents to make it an annual event.
The President declared two national Thanksgivings that year, one for August 6 celebrating the victory at Gettysburg and a second for the last Thursday in November. Neither Lincoln nor his successors, however, made the holiday a fixed annual event.
A President still had to proclaim Thanksgiving each year, and the last Thursday in November became the customary date.
In a controversial move, Franklin Delano Roosevelt lengthened the Christmas shopping season by declaring Thanksgiving for the next-to-the-last Thursday in November.
Two years later, inCongress responded by permanently establishing the holiday as the fourth Thursday in the month. Afterrepresentations of the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag began to reflect a shift of interest to the harvest celebration.
By the beginning of the 20th century, the Pilgrims and the Thanksgiving holiday were used to teach children about American freedom and how to be good citizens.Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
Most children in North America learn at an early age that the "Thirteen Colonies" revolted in and after eight long hard years won their independence with the Treaty of Paris in Anthony Underwood 8/25/ History 1 t-th The First Americans And Who Discovered America First Americans: Many believe that the first Americans were Indians(Native Americans), but recent studies have shown that the first Americans may have been decedents of the native Aborigines in Australia who are believed to have migrated to the Americas long before the Native Americans, who .
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1 Circular” from St. Louis Missouri in , tracing the roots of Symmes. Wisconsin Historical Society Frederick Jackson Turner ___Frederick Jackson Turner___ The Significance of the Frontier in American History