A woman casts her ballot during elections for a new mayor in Karachi, Pakistan, December 5,
History[ edit ] Fatima Jinnah — was a Pakistani dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman and one of the leading founders of Pakistan Historically, Muslim reformers such as Syed Ahmad Khan tried to bring education to women, limit polygamyand empower women in other ways through education.
Jinnah points out that Muslim women leaders from all classes actively supported the Pakistan movement in the mids. Their movement was led by wives and other relatives of leading politicians.
Women were sometimes organised into large-scale public demonstrations. Before there was a tendency for the Muslim women in Punjab to vote for the Muslim League while their menfolk supported the Unionist Party.
Pakistani women were granted the suffrage in and they were reaffirmed the right to vote in national elections in under the interim Constitution. Had General Ayub Khan run fair elections, Ms.
Fatima Jinnah of Pakistan would have become the first Muslim President of the largest Muslim country in the world. However, despite that setback, during —60, several pro-women initiatives were taken.
The Muslim Family Law Ordinance which regulated marriage, divorce, and polygamy  continues to have a significant legal impact on the women of Pakistan. All government services were opened to women including the district management group and the foreign service in the civil servicewhich had been denied to them earlier.
However, the implementation of these policies was poor as the Government faced a financial crisis due to the war with India and consequent split of the country.
The constitution stipulates that "there shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex alone. A chapter on women in development was included for the first time in the Sixth Plan. The chapter was prepared by a working group of 28 professional women headed by Syeda Abida Hussainchairperson of the Jhang District council at that time.
However, Zia-ul-Haq initiated a process of Islamization by introducing discriminatory legislation against women such as the set of Hudood Ordinances and the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order Law of Evidence Order.
He banned women from participating and from being spectators of sports and promoted purdah. He also proposed laws regarding Qisas and DiyatIslamic penal laws governing retribution qisas and compensation diyat in crimes involving bodily injury. When the victim was a woman, the amount of diyat was halved  The Offence of Zina Enforcement of Hudood Ordinance, was a subcategory of the Hudood Ordinance.
Zina is the crime of non-marital sexual relations and adultery. The Zina Ordinance included zina-bil-jabr, the category of forced intercourse. If the woman who accuses a man of zina-bil-jabr rape cannot prove to the judicial system that she was raped, she faces adultery charges.
The perpetrator may be acquitted and the victim may face adultery charges. The threat of being prosecuted discourages victims from filing complaints.
In addition, the legal possibility of marital rape was eliminated; by definition, rape became an extramarital offence according to the Zina ordinance.
The ordinance prompted international criticism.The situation of 'Human Rights in Pakistan' (Urdu: پاکستان میں انسانی حقوق ) is complex as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and secular laws.
The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of. For the first time in more than 40 years, women turned out in significant numbers to vote in one of Pakistan’s districts. The vote for local government in Upper Dir district of Pakistan’s.
This website is best viewed at x or higher resolution with Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 or newer. Pakistan Journal of Women’s Studies: Alam-e-Niswan is a refereed interdisciplinary journal which aims at disseminating and sharing women’s studies research and feminist scholarship globally.
The Journal publishes articles relating to scholarship in the field of Women’s Studies and feminist knowledge. Vision: South Asia Partnership – Pakistan’s vision is to create an engendered, critical society in South Asia based on the universal principles of human dignity, justice, democracy, and peaceful coexistence.
A BILL further to amend the Pakistan Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure and other laws. WHEREAS it is necessary to provide relief and protection to women against misuse and abuse of law and to prevent their exploitation;.