It contains essays and articles on architectural history and criticism, work by contemporary practitioners and designers, photography and art. It was redesigned by John Morgan studio infrom issue 57 onwards.
Exhibitions must include the experiences of people with disabilities within their content and presentation. Include people with disabilities in exhibition topics, photographs, and presentations of perspectives Fig.
They are also a vital part of society. Yet rarely are they seen in the visual images, text, or general content of exhibitions. Use the voice of people with disabilities. Yet when those topics are presented, perspectives of disabled people often are either not represented or are misrepresented by those who do not have disabilities.
Invite people with disabilities to speak for themselves in exhibitions. In an exhibition on scientific advancements, the issue of genetic engineering directly involves people with disabilities: Include people with disabilities appropriately.
Many if not most people with disabilities do not see themselves as victims deserving pity or as courageous souls overcoming great obstacles.
Instead, they see themselves and want to be seen as people accomplishing daily and lifelong objectives using their own abilities.
Exhibition labels must use appropriate language when discussing issues related to people with disabilities see Fig. Items in exhibitions e. Mount small items to center line at no higher than mm 40 in.
A male adult who uses a wheelchair has an average eye level of between mm 43 in. Objects placed above mm 40 in. Design simple backdrops for items. Objects mounted against complex backgrounds e. Figure- ground problems cause difficulty in sorting foreground from background.
People with this disability, then, have difficulty finding, for example, their keys atop a desk covered with a variety of office objects. Multiple objects staggered from the front to the back of a case may also cause visual clutter and foreground- background discrimination problems for some people.
Construct the top of a case at a maximum of mm 36 in. For larger items, maintain the minimum case height possible. If the case floor is low but the glass is high, viewing the interior of a bowl or the 9 overall design of a textile is blocked for both visitors with visual and mobility impairments.
Shallow cases better serve both types of visitors see Fig. Construct exhibition barriers e. Items placed below an average-height exhibit barrier mm; 42 in. However, caution must be used when placing objects inside spaces protected by barriers.
Items mounted immediately inside the barriers, if the barriers are label rails, cannot be seen over the tops of the angled labels. Create color contrast between the items and the background, particularly when the items are displayed in lower light levels.
Objects mounted in front of a solid, contrasting color background are most 10 easily perceived. The Americans with Disabilities Act Standards for Accessible Design offers the following formula for determining contrast percentage: Place small items in the front portion of a case, with larger items behind.
People who have low vision often will be able to see small items that are closer. Avoid shadows falling directly on items. Items placed in shadows will be lost for people with low vision.
When not prohibited from doing so by conservation requirements, provide at least lux 10 footcandles of light on an object.
This is the minimum light level at which someone with low vision can see an object see Fig. Laminated, high-contrast photographs, located near the individual exhibits or centrally set within the exhibition, are effective in serving those with low vision as well as those who use wheelchairs.
People can hold the photographs as close as needed, at whatever angle limits glare, and in the best quality light offered within the space see Fig. Tactile experiences are essential to people with visual impairments and greatly assist many people with cognitive disabilities.
Tactile experiences should be included in every exhibition. Select tactile objects so that they provide a coherent explanation of the exhibition topic.
Touchable objects must be related to each other--by space--in order to provide true access to exhibition content for people who have visual impairments. The museum then includes them--or their reproductions--in the space, wherever they are appropriate for the content and design of the exhibition.Antique Copying Machines Left: Victoria copying machine, Le Bureau Moderne, Right: Minolta's update on copying machine advertising imagery.
Second image courtesy of the Museum of Business History and Technology. Offices need more than one copy of a document in a number of situations.
Smithsonian Guidelines for Accessible Exhibition Design is a living document. The design tools here, like all creative resources, must be mixed and matched and tested in different combinations to find workable solutions.
Examples of fonts in use tagged with “art exhibitions”. The use of labels in museums and galleries is a widely debated topic and there are numerous publications, articles and websites that propose and discuss the ‘best methods’ to use when writing labels.
Find all Thing answers to your Wheel of Fortune (mobile app) puzzles! Use category filters (like number of words, number of letters in each word and letters shown) and will see all possible results from which you can further filter and find your answer. Writing Text and Labels This document provides an overview of visitor behaviour, exhibition and text development based on a literature review.
Useful guidelines for writing text and labels, and a reference list are also included.